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Changing Roles 2005


Changing Roles
Report on the Situation of Women and Men in Hungary 2005

Edited by: Ildikó Nagy, Marietta Pongrácz, István György Tóth


Language Editor: Clive Liddiard-Maár

ISBN 963 7869 39 5

Published by: TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest 2006

Changing Roles 2005

Table of Contents


Work and Public Life

Women’s Labour Market Participation and Use of Working Time
(Erzsébet Bukodi)

Women in Management
(Beáta Nagy)

Women in Politics: The European Union and Hungary
(Gabriella Ilonszki)


Opinions on Gender Roles. Findings of an International Comparative Study
(Marietta Pongrácz)

Family Formation and Child-Bearing in Europe. Questions and Question Marks
(Ferenc Kamarás)

Men and Women in the Family as Reflected in a Two-Generational Study
(Fruzsina Albert and Beáta Dávid)

Poverty, Social Problems

Gender Differences in Poverty in an International Comparison: An Analysis of the Laeken Indicators
(András Gábos)

The Social Position and Fertility of Roma Women
(Béla Janky)

Men and Women at Various Stages of the Migration Process. Immigration to Hungary from a Gender Perspective
(Irén Gödri)

The Mortality and Health Status of Women
(Katalin Kovács)

Gender Differences and Similarities in Drug Use
(Zsuzsanna Elekes)

Measuring the Global Gender Gap: An International Comparison
(Ildikó Nagy)

Bibliography, 2001–04

Register of Researchers

Press Release, Budapest, 8 March 2006

The Changing Roles is a series of empirical social science reports on the situation of women and men in Hungary. The series is published by the Ministry of Youth, Family and Social Affairs, for Equal Opportunities responsible for women and gender issues together with the TARKI Social Research Institute. The first volume of the series was published in 1997. The recently published volume of 2005 is the fourth in the row. The main goal of this series is to describe the situation of women and men and the changing gender roles in Hungary based on the latest statistical data and social scientific research results. The results are not only presented for the academic sphere, but also for decision makers and the wider public. Changing Roles is among the first publications that provide reliable, up-to-date information on the socio-economic, demographic and health situation of women and men after the political and economic transition in 1989.

The newest volume of Changing Roles contains 12 studies based on the latest available empirical social science research results. The first block of studies describes and compares the labour market participation and time use, the career opportunities, and political participation of women and men. The second block of papers deals with the family: attitudes towards gender roles; changes in family formation and childbearing; and quality of relationships between family members. The last set of papers is gathered under the title of Poverty and social problems. This section offers studies on gender aspects of immigration, the social status of Roma women, and gender differences in poverty, health condition and drug use.

A unique feature of the present volume is that it pays special attention to international comparisons between Hungary and countries of the European Union and other European countries. Besides of the international aspect, some studies also describe the development of equal opportunities of women and men during the last 10–15 years based on longitudinal data.

This volume is supplemented with an annotated bibliography that contains all the gender related publications between 2001 and 2004 that are relevant to Hungary. Furthermore it provides a register of gender researchers, which includes about 150 researchers, their field(s) of study and their contact information.

The editors recommend this volume to all of those, who would like to be informed about the relative situation of Hungarian women and men, and those who are interested in the achievement of Hungary in establishing equal opportunities of the sexes compared to EU member states and other European countries.

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