Róbert Iván Gál
Study on Social Dimension in the Candidate Countries – Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Turkey (BALKANDIDE)
BALKANDIDE (reference No VC/2005/0232) was conducted for the European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities DG – EMPL E1 Unit. The project was coordinated by Róbert I. Gál (TARKI).
The BALKANDIDE project aimed at studying in depth the social situation in the candidate countries (Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Turkey) and identifying the major challenges in the current demographic, social and economic context which can be considered to be most pertinent for determining a candidate country's capacity to function in the Union. The study assessed recent reform efforts and major current issues for further reform that allow the candi-date country to participate in the process of economic and monetary integration and to become an active and vibrant member of the Union in all aspects of the civil society, political and cultural life
The outputs of the project, specified in the contract, are four country studies and a synthesis report meeting the following criteria:
- The four country studies for, respectively, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Turkey on the social dimension take into account the demographic, social and economic context. The call for tenders explicitly required "[c]omprehensive harmonised quantitative information" in the four country studies. In addition, the call for tender specifically required a joint Statistical Annex following the format of the 2004 Social Situation Report.
- The synthesis report presents a comprehensive overview of the social situa-tion in the four countries with a comparative focus addressing key problems in the light of possible accession to the EU. The issues of special interest were specified as
– human capital investments in relation to employment
– regional disparities, in particular the functioning of centralized versus decentralized social protection
– the interrelation between the informal economy and the social protection system, and
– the state of ethnic and religious minorities
TARKI Social Research Institute, Hungary
Centre for European Policy Studies, CEPS, Belgium
Centre for Social and Economic Research, CASE, Poland
The research team also consisted of 17 experts from Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Turkey.
Time frame: 2005 December – 2006 December
Outputs of the project:
Country Reports – Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Turkey
Annexes – Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Turkey
Annex – 2004 Social Situation Report format